Requirements on locomotives and passenger units
New locomotives and passenger units shall normally be authorised according "The new approach". This mean that the vehicles shall fulfil the requirements according relevant TSIs (European Technical Specifications for Interoperability) and national requirements regarding open points and specific cases in the TSIs. The Swedish Transport Agency (the national safety authority of Sweden) also applies The new approach in the authorisation process. This means that a notified body assesses the vehicles fulfilment of the TSI requirements.
New locomotives and passenger units shall normally fulfil the following TSIs for the authorisation:
- TSI Locomotives and passenger rolling stock, Commission regulation (EU) no. 1302/2014.
- TSI Noise, Commission regulation (EU) no. 1304/2014.
- TSI Accessibility for persons with reduced mobility, Commission regulation (EU) no. 1300/2014, not applied for locomotives.
- TSI Control-command and signalling (2012/88/EU, amended by 2012/696/EU and 2015/14/EU). This TSI shall be applied for vehicles with the train protection system ETCS. Link to page on On Board CCS
Also upgrading and renewal of authorised vehicles shall fulfil requirements of these TSIs, however only regarding the modified functions.
There are also old TSIs which may be applied during a transition phase e.g. High speed TSI Rolling stock (2008/232/EG) and Conventional Rail TSI Locomotives and Passenger units (2011/291/EU). The Swedish Transport Agency has access to these TSIs .
The Swedish Transport Agency and the European Rail Agency (ERA) have issued a number of technical documents and guide lines to facilitate the application of the TSIs and authorisation of rail vehicles.. Below you find the guidelines regarding locomotives and passenger units.
- ERA/ERTMS/033281: "Interfaces between Control-Command and Signalling trackside and other subsystems"
- ERA/TD/2012–17/INT rev 3.0: "Running dynamics – Application of EN 14363 – Modifications and clarifications"
- ERA/GUI/07-2011/INT: Guide for the application of TSI LOC&PAS
- ERA: Guide to TSI NOI
When application for authorisation of a vehicle (or a series of vehicles) the applicant shall engage one or more notified bodies. These notified bodies shall assess the vehicle and issue a certificate of compliance to the TSI(-s). The applicant should also send an application to The Swedish Transport Agency at the start of the process to get information on the applicable national requirements for the authorisation. In case of an upgrading or renewal The Swedish Transport Agency shall decide which functions have to be assessed for the new authorisation.
National requirements, open points and specific cases
TSI-compliant locomotives and passenger units shall fulfil the TSI-requirements and national requirements regarding open points and specific cases in the relevant TSIs. Some new TSIs went into force 1 January 2015, they are applicable on the whole European railway network.
In the TSIs there are some specific cases which are necessary for the interoperability vehicle – infrastructure including the Nordic winter climate conditions. There are also open points in the TSI where there are no requirements given in the TSIs. New, upgraded and renewed vehicles shall be assessed according to national requirements regarding specific cases and open points.
There are only high level requirements set in the Swedish regulations on rail vehicles. The Swedish Transport Agency has issued guidelines with accepted technical solutions for different functions of a vehicle to facilitate for the applicant. In the TSI Locomotives and passenger units (EU nr 1302/2014) most of these functions are set. For new, upgraded and renewed vehicles the TSI requirements should apply. Our guidelines are only applicable for specific cases and open points. The guidelines are applicable for imported vehicles which need an additional authorisation for operation in Sweden.
Guidelines for locomotives and passenger units
The following guidelines states accepted technical solutions for authorisation of a locomotive or a passenger unit (some are only available in Swedish):
- The Swedish Transport Agency guide: Assessment of railway vehicles interaction with Swedish railway infrastructure and other functions. When applying for approval of the independent reviewer you may use the form TSJ7023 Self declaration for independent assessor.
- The Swedish Transport Agency guide: Guideline for issuing report for assessment of railway vehicles interaction with Swedish railway infrastructure, link in Swedish.
- TDOK 2015.0143: Vehicle gauges. Requirement for reference contours of vehicles (BVS 1586.22) link in Swedish.
- TDOK 2014.0774: Requirements for electrical interoperability with the energy sub system and with other vehicles. Some specific cases for SE are detailed in this guideline (BVS 543.19300) link in Swedish.
- TDOK 2014.0775: Requirements on pantographs and the interoperability between pantograph and catenary (BVS 543.330) link in Swedish. Some specific cases for SE are detailed in this guideline link.
- TDOK 2014.0690: Detectors Requirements for hot axle box and hot wheel thread detection (BVS 1592.0201), link in Swedish. There are some specific cases for Sweden in the TSI link.
- TDOK 2014.0776: Requirement for train detection by track circuits (BVS 544.14002), link in Swedish.
- The Swedish Transport Administration: Study on risk of collision in point switches due distance between buffer end and first axle of train in combination with short distance between insulated joint and fouling point, link in Swedish.
- The Swedish Transport Agency guide: Guideline for driving cab, driver's manuals and safety equipment in locomotives and multiple units, link in Swedish. This guideline is valid for vehicles with drivers cab. It sets a requirement that there shall be manuals in the driver's language in the cab. There shall also be maintenance instructions in the user's language link.
- The Swedish Transport Agency guide: Guideline for issuing rescue cards for railway and other rail vehicles, link in Swedish. The objective of this guide is to show the rescue service how to work with a crashed vehicle link.
- The Swedish Transport Agency´s template for rescue card, link in Swedish.
- The Swedish Transport Agency guide: Guideline for authorisation of locomotives with a remote control function installed, link in Swedish.
- Regulation of running dynamics for vehicles with axle load up to 35 tons, link in Swedish.
In the TSI Locomotives and passenger units there is a specific case for Sweden saying that the vehicles shall be designed for operation in the Nordic winter conditions to get an authorisation without operational restrictions. The applicant shall demonstrate the safety and reliability for operation in severe winter conditions. Hence The Swedish Transport Agency require experience operation to issue a "permanent" authorisation without operational restrictions.
To operate a rail vehicle on the Öresund link the vehicle has to be authorised both in Sweden and Denmark.
Cross acceptance of "imported" vehicles
The national requirements are valid for additional authorisations of vehicles with an authorisation in another EU+-state. Transportstyrelsen applies cross acceptance by additional authorisation, which means we accept A-classified functions without further assessment of the these functions. Only functions with divergent requirements for operation in Sweden shall be assessed by
authorisation of "imported" vehicles (B- and C-points in RDD). Correspondingly vehicles authorised for Sweden shall get additional authorisation according to cross acceptance when imported to other countries.
Sweden has, together with Denmark, Finland, Germany and Norway, signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), that will facilitate the process of additional authorisation of railway vehicles.
- See extract from ERA database RDD for national reference document for SE.
- The commission updated list of parameters for national requirements applied for railway vehicles (EU 2015-2299)
Requirements for installation of train protection and train radio systems
New railway vehicles with a driving cab shall normally have the train protection system ETCS-STM installed. See requirement on the page "Requirements on onboard Command Control and Signalling.
All vehicles with a drivers cab shall have a GSM-R train radio installed. From 1 Juli 2016 this train radio has to be protected from disturbances from other radio systems.